Payment & Shipping Terms:
|W.T.:||BWG14 BWG16||Length MAX:||12000MM Max.|
|Pipe Finish:||TIG Welded||Standard:||ASME SA789|
ASTM A677 Stainless Steel Alloy 904L SS 1.4539 Welded Tubing ERW Pipe
Alloy 904L is a low carbon, high alloy austenitic stainless steel which is widely used in applications where the corrosion properties of AISI 316L and AISI 317L are not adequate.
The addition of copper to this grade gives it corrosion resistant properties superior to the conventional chrome nickel stainless steels, in particular to sulfuric, phosphoric and acetic acids.
Good resistance to oxidation, but like other highly alloyed grades suffers from structural instability (precipitation of brittle phases such as sigma) at elevated temperatures. 904L should not be used above about 400°C.
904L can be successfully welded by all standard methods. Care needs to be taken as this grade solidifies fully austenitic, so is susceptible to hot cracking, particularly in constrained weldments. No pre-heat should be used and in most cases post weld heat treatment is also not required. AS 1554.6 pre-qualifies Grade 904L rods and electrodes for welding of 904L.
904L is a high purity, low sulphur grade, and as such will not machine well. Despite this the grade can be machined using standard techniques.
Bending to a small radius is readily carried out. In most cases this is performed cold. Subsequent annealing is generally not required, although it should be considered if the fabrication is to be used in an environment where severe stress corrosion cracking conditions are anticipated.
Typical applications include:
· Processing plant for sulphuric, phosphoric and acetic acids
· Pulp and paper processing
· Components in gas scrubbing plants
· Seawater cooling equipment
· Oil refinery components
· Wires in electrostatic precipitators
Table 1.Composition ranges for 904L grade of stainless steel.
|904L||min. max.||- 0.020||- 2.00||- 1.00||- 0.045||- 0.035||19.0 23.0||4.0 5.0||23.0 28.0||1.0 2.0|
|ALLOY 904L (UNS N08904) CHEMICAL COMPOSITION % (MAX.)|
|THEORETICAL BURST PRESSURE|
|OUTSIDE DIAMETER (OD)||OD TOLERANCE||WALL TOLERANCE|
|UP TO 1/2"||+/- .005"||+/- 15%|
|1/2" to 1-1/2" EXCL.||+/- .005"||+/- 10%|
Acid Production, Fertilizer Processing, Oil Refining, Pulp and Paper Processes, Gas Scrubbers, Seawater Cooling Equipment, Control and Instrumentation
|Outside Diameter (OD)||Wall Thickness|
|1/4"- 1"||.035" - .065"|
|Cold Finished and Bright Annealed Tube|
|YIELD STRENGTH 0.2% OFFSET (MINIMUM KSI)||31|
|TENSILE STRENGTH (MINIMUM KSI)||71|
|ELONGATION (MINIMUM 2 INCHES)||35%|
|Alloy 904L is non-magnetic in all conditions and has excellent formability and weldability. The austentic structure also give this grade excellent toughness, even down to cryogenic temperatures.|